By Victoria Stern

Montreal—New drugs typically undergo rigorous evaluation before being approved for widespread use. In contrast, new surgical techniques often do not endure the same level of scrutiny before gaining traction. In fact, many techniques are adopted without adequate supporting evidence of their efficacy and safety (Lancet 2018;392[10141]:88-94).

“Surgeons have long been criticized for the poor quality of their clinical research on new procedures,” said Peter